The mere proposition that Ivan Illich makes in this essay seems preposterous, even treasonous, to most people. How can we live without school? Where will our children go? What will they do about jobs? When will they learn the heritage of their civilization? Civic values? Literacy and numeracy? But such questions only prove Illich's rule: we are addicted to schooling. And this addiction is to such an extent that it seems unthinkable to question the existence of schooling.