On the 12th of July 1995 the Bosnian Muslim enclave of Srebrenica fell. During and after the town's conquest Bosnian Serb troops killed between 3000 and 8000 Muslims. This was the largest single war crime in Europe since the end of World War II, and what made it even more shocking was that it took place under the eyes of Dutch UN troops who were stationed there specifically to prevent such a disaster. Also, there had been clear warnings of a looming bloodbath. How could the massacre have happened and could it have been avoided? These are questions this account tries to answer.